PowerShell Universal
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Variables

Variables allow for the global definition of variables that are available within scripts. You can also import secrets that are also available within scripts or as run as credentials.
Variables are stored in the variables.ps1 configuration file.

Creating a Variable

To create a variable, navigate to the Platform \ Variables page. Click Add Variable to define a new variable.
Standard variables are just name \ value pairs of strings. They will be added to your scripts before they are run.

Creating a Secret Variable

Secret variables are stored within the selected vault. The value of those variables is never stored within Universal. To define a new secret variable, click Add Variable on the variables page and select the Secret tab.
From this dialog, you'll be able to define string and PSCredentials in the specified vault.

Credential Format

In some environments, it may be necessary to specify the domain name in the user name field. You can specify in either the domain\user or user@domain format. If you do not do so, you will receive errors when attempting to start processes, like scripts or dashboards, as that user account.

Vaults

Database

The database vault stores secrets within the PowerShell Universal database. These secrets are encrypted using AES encryption using a customizable key. You can customize the key by specifying the Secrets \ Database \ EncryptionKey.

appsettings.json

You can configure this setting in appsettings.json.
"Secrets": {
"Database": {
"EncryptionKey": "=b0ywQA@VOSdr&R7an5g&XK6NVO%s4Tf"
}
}

Environment Variable

You can configure this setting with an environment variable.
$Env:Secrets__Database__EncryptionKey = "=b0ywQA@VOSdr&R7an5g&XK6NVO%s4Tf"

BuiltInLocalVault

Values for secrets with the BuiltInLocalVault are stored within the Windows Credential Manager instance of the security principal that is running PSU. For example, the service account of the user running the Universal service. If you change users (such as running as a service account), the account will not have access to the previous user's secrets and you will need to add those secrets again.

PSUSecretStore

The PSUSecretStore vault is integrated with the Microsoft SecretStore module to store secrets in a cross-platform file. Ths file is tied to the current user account running PowerShell Universal. The password for the vault is stored in appsettings.json.

Az.KeyVault

By default, we do not include the Azure Key Vault extension directly in PowerShell Universal As of Powershell Universal v4.0.11, a container including the required Az.Accounts and Az.KeyVault modules is avilable to allow you use KeyVault out of the box. This can be found on Docker Hub.
Below you will find how to configure it. This example uses an Azure hosted web-app version of PowerShell Universal.
In Azure, we'll need to configure a managed identity for our web app. This step isn't necessarily required if you are running outside of Azure. You can enable the managed identity under the Identity page for your web app.
Next, you'll need to allow your managed identity to access your key vault and read your subscription. You can add the managed identity to the builtin Reader group to allow access to the subscription.
Then, I provided all privileges to secret and key management for my managed identity in my Key Vault resource.
Finally, we will need to register the key vault and connect to Azure when the web app starts. This can be accomplished by using the Az.Account and Az.KeyVault modules.
After deploying your web-app, you will need to first install the Az.Account and Az.KeyVault modules. You can do so on the modules page. They will be installed to the local repository within the web app.
Next, create a script within PowerShell Universal to connect to Azure and register the vault. Run the script to verify it works properly.
$sub = 'affdf0d4-eed5-48a6-889c-599d482xxxxx'
Connect-AzAccount -Id -Scope CurrentUser -SubscriptionId $sub
Register-SecretVault -ModuleName Az.KeyVault -Name AzureKeyVault -VaultParameters @{
AZKVaultName = 'psu-demo'
SubscriptionId = $sub
} -AllowClobber
Now, when you are creating secrets, you will see the AzureKeyVault available.
To ensure the application is connected to Azure and the key vault is registered, run the script within initialize.ps1. This script runs before variables are registered and vaults are located. You can create this file directly in the Repository\.universal directory. It will be run during system startup before other configuration scripts are run.

Importing Secret Variables

You can also import pre-existing secrets as variables into Universal. The variable values are not imported but will be looked up during execution. Click the Import Secret button to import secrets.

Using Variables

Variables can be used in APIs, Scripts and Dashboards. When using the default environments, all variables are automatically imported. This is accomplished by specifying the -Variable parameter of New-PSUEnvironment with a wild card (*). If you are using your own environments, you will have to configure which variables you would like included. You can reference a variable like you would any other PowerShell variable. The variable will contain the value you set. If you use a secret, it will contain the secret's value.
$MyVariable
You can customize which variables are allowed in an environment by customizing the environments -Variable parameter.
See Environments for more information.

Secret Scope

To access secrets that you have added to PowerShell Universal, you can use the $Secret scope. For example, if you defined a secret named Credential, you could access that secret anywhere with the secret scope. You cannot set secrets using the secret scope.
Invoke-Command -Credential $Secret:Credential { Write-Host "Hello" }

Access Variables by Name

You can access variables by name using the $Secret: prefix.
# PSCredential
$Secret:MyNewSecret.UserName
$Secret:MyNewSecret.Password
# String
$Secret:DashboardSecret

Access Values Dynamically

You can access the secret scope dynamically by using Get-Item. The secret scope is implemented as a provider. This is helpful if you don't have static variable names.
# PSCredential
(Get-ChildItem "Secret:MyNewSecret").UserName
(Get-ChildItem "Secret:MyNewSecret").Password
# String
(Get-ChildItem "Secret:DashboardSecret")

ForEach-Object -Parallel

In order to use secrets when using ForEach-Object with the -Parallel parameter, you will need to take advantage of the $using keyword.
1..5 | ForEach-Object -Parallel {
$using:Secret:MySecret
}

Configuring the PSUSecretStore Password

By default, the PSUSecretStore vault password is stored within appsettings.json in Secrets \ SecretStore \ Password.

Built-In Variables

The following variables are available throughout all environments within PowerShell Universal.
Name
Type
Description
$PSUEnvironment
string
The name of the environment the script is running within (e.g. Integrated)
$Repository
string
The absolute path to the repository folder.

API

There are a set of predefined variables that are available in API endpoints. You'll be able to use these variables in your scripts.
Variable
Description
Type
$Url
URL the client used to call the endpoint
String
$Method
The HTTP method used to call the endpoint
String
$Headers
Headers provided by the client to call the endpoint
Hashtable
$Body
The UTF8 encoded string of the content of the request
String
$Data
Binary byte array for the content of the request
Byte[]
$RemoteIpAddress
The remote IP address used to make the request.
String
$LocalIpAddress
The local IP address used to service the request.
String
$RemotePort
The remote port that was called to make the request.
Integer
$LocalPort
The local port that was used to service the request.
Integer
$Identity
The identity name of the principal accessing the API.
String
$UrlDefinition
The definition for the URL.
String
$ConnectionId
String
$SessionId
String
$RequestId
String
$ClaimsPrincipal
The claims principal of the current user. This is the same object that is provided to role-based access policies.

Apps

Below are variables that are available in apps in addition to the global variables.
Name
Description
Type
$User
The user name of the logged in user. $Null if authentication is disabled.
String
$Roles
The roles that the user has been granted. $Null if authentication is disabled.
String[]
$RemoteIpAddress
The remote IP address of the connected user.
String
$RemotePort
The remote port of the connected user.
Int
$ClaimsPrincipal
The claims principal of the current user. This is the same object that is provided to role-based access policies.
$Headers
The headers provided by the browser.
hashtable
$Cookies
The request cookies provided by the browser.
hashtable
$PSUAppToken
The app token of the current user. Only available when -GrantAppToken is enabled.
string
$PSUComputerName
The URL of the PSU server. Only available when -GrantAppToken is enabled.
string
$DashboardName
The name of the current app
string
$Query
The query string parameters from the URL of the app
Hashtable
$RefreshToken
The refresh token when using OpenID Connect
string
$AccessToken
The app token when using OpenID Connect
string

Scripts

There are several built-in variables that are defined when a job is run. You can use these variables in your scripts to retrieve information about the current job.
Name
Description
$UAJob
The current job that is running. This will include properties such as the script, the user that started the job and when the job was started.
$UAJobId
The ID of the running job.
$UAScript
The script that is running. This will include properties such as the name of the script and path to the script.
$UAScriptId
The ID of the running script.
$UASchedule
The schedule that was used to start the script.
$UAScheduleId
The ID of the schedule that started the script.
$AccessToken
When using OIDC authentication, you can retrieve the current user's access token for access resources on their behalf.

Retrieving the user that started a script

You can retrieve the name of the user that started the script by using the UAJob variable
$UAJob.Identity.Name

API